The course aims to introduce students of theology to the foundations, concepts and methods of Catholic moral theology so as to equip them to critically involve themselves in discussions of moral issues and to keep growing in their aspiration for truth and goodness in the warm light of the gospel. By the end of the Class the students are expected to: Recall and outline the history of the development of the discipline of moral theology. Describe the nature of moral theology and distinguish it from similar disciplines like philosophical ethics. Identify and describe the sources of Catholic moral theology. Analyze human action and the essential conditions for evaluating moral action. Summarize the latest magisterial teaching on the foundations of catholic moral theology. Explain the role of conscience and its formation. Recognize and apply foundational principles and criteria for judgment used in moral discernment.
Historical-methodological introduction to moral theology. The human person and the nature of the moral action. Faith and morality -Christological foundation; specificity and newness of Christian ethics. Sources of moral inspiration - Scripture, Tradition, Natural Law, Sciences, and Experience. The role of cultures in ethical evaluation. Concepts of virtue, sin, and conscience. The role of the Magisterium of the Church in moral decision-making. Moral discernment and pastoral guidance.
Catechism of the Catholic Church. John Paul II, Veritatis Splendor (Vatican 1993) (Available online); DINOIA J.A.-CESSARIO R. (ed.), Veritatis Splendor and the Renewal of Moral Theology (Chicago, Midwest Theological Forum 1999); GRISEZ G., The Way of the Lord Jesus, vol. I (Chicago, Franciscan Herald Press 1983); HÄRING B., The Law of Christ, vol I (Westminster-Maryland, The Newman Press 1963); HAUERWAS S.-PINCHES C., Christians among the Virtues: Theological Conversations with Ancient and Modern Ethics (Notre Dame, University of Notre Dame Press 1997); KENNEDY T., Doers of the Word, vol. I (Middlegreen, St. Pauls 1996); MAHONEY J., The Making of Moral Theology (Oxford, Clarendon Press 1986); MAY E.W., An Introduction to Moral Theology (Huntington, Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Division 2003); PONTIFICAL BIBLICAL COMMISSION, The Bible and Morality: Biblical Roots of Christian Conduct (Vatican, LEV 2010); CESSARIO R., Introduction to Moral Theology (Washington D.C., The Catholic University of America Press 2001); O’CONNELL T., Principles for a Catholic Morality (New York, HarperCollins Publishers 1990); PAZHAYAMPALLIL T., Pastoral Guide, vol 1 (Bangalore, Kristu Jyoti Publications 42004); PINCKAERS S., Morality the Catholic View (Southbend-Indiana, St. Augustine’s Press 2003); PINCKAERS S., The Sources of Christian Ethics (Washington D.C., The Catholic University of America Press 1995); PORTER J., Natural & Divine Law Reclaiming the Tradition for Christian Ethics (Grand Rapids, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company 1999); POPE S. (ed.), The Ethics of Aquinas (Washington D.C., Georgetown University Press 2002); RATZINGER J.-SCHÜRMANN H.-VON BALTHASAR H.U., Principles of Christian Morality (San Francisco, Ignatius Press 1986); WILLEMS E., Understanding Catholic Morality (New York, The Crossroad Publishing Company 1997).