Corso
Elenco corsi a.a. 2014/2015
Anno accademico 2014/2015

Storia della Chiesa 2 RA0804

5 ECTS
Docente
Sede di Gerusalemme
Primo semestre

FINALITÀ

This course is a study of the facts, events, and personalities of the very eventful period from the 7th up to the mid-15th century AD in the development of the Church.

ARGOMENTI

I. Christianity adjusting to the feudal world (692-1085). Towards a Christian Europe (692-840)? Time of anarchy (692-750). Carolinian renaissance (751-850). Western Churches outside Carolinian empire. The “Dark Ages” or a crisis for the birth of a new age (840-1085)? Collapse of the Carolinian unity and order (840-930) Toward a new order of western Christendom (930-1046). Reform of Papacy and Church in reform (1046-1085). The parting of the first and second Churches. General features. Iconoclast controversies. The parting of the ways. II. The Church leader of the Society (1085-1294). Western Society from 11th to 13th c. The Church in reform (1085-1153): struggles for freedom. Aspiration to a ‘vita evangelica’, the new orders. Control of violence: Peace and Holy War. A Christian Europe (1153-1294)? Papacy and the theocratic temptation. Life of Christendom in mid-12th-13th c. The Byzantine Church and the period of the crusades. III. A time of unprecedented challenge (1294-1453). General features of Western Society in the 14th and 15th c: a world in crisis. Papacy to the test. Boniface VIII and the rise of lay spirit. Stay in Avignon. Scandal of the western Great Schism. Reform and unity: Pope or Council? Christianity in labor. Christian life. New Ecclesiologies. New ways to perfection. The fall of Byzantium. Last struggle and agony of Byzantium. Orthodoxy in the last century of Byzantium. Learning Outcomes: Students will discover the successes and shortcomings of the evangelization of Europe, evaluate the different movements of reform in the Latin Church, appraise the achievements of the 13th century, analyze from different points of view the impact of the Crusades, explain the different development of the Eastern Churches, and explain the different forces at work in the 14th-15th centuries. They will be able to describe and value the long term movements within the life of the Churches.

TESTI

Textbook: Handouts given by the lecturer BARRACLOUGH G., The Medieval Papacy (London, 1968); COMBY J., How to read Church History, Vol. 1: From the beginning to the fifteenth century (London, 1988); DEANESLY M.A, History of the Medieval Church. 590-1500 (London-New York, 1985); LAWRENCE C.H., Medieval Monasticism. Forms of religious life in the Western Europe in the Middle Ages (St Francisco, 2001); LOGAN F.D., A History of the Church in the Middle Ages (London-New York, 2002); MEYENDORFF J.-PAPADAKIS A., The Christian East and the Rise of Papacy, The Church 1071-1453 (New York, 1994); RILEY-SMITH J. (ed.), The Oxford illustrated history of the Crusaders (Oxford, 1995); SHANNON A.C., The Medieval Inquisition (Collegeville-MN, 1991); SOUTHERN R.W., Western society and the Church in the Middle- Ages (London, Penguin History of the Church 1973); WARE Th., The Orthodox Church (London, 1963).